What Lawyers Hate Most

Stressed out person

I recently came across a question on Quora asking lawyers about what they hate most. With a good amount of negativity about the legal profession, it's important to remember that not everything is bad.

There are some things that are worse (or more annoying) than others.

So my answer may appeal to some lawyers over others, but I would say the billable hour.

This affects nearly every lawyer at commercial law firms. That said, I’ll rely on my experience and focus on how the billable hour affects associates and junior lawyers at those firms.

While there has been a recent trend toward alternative billing arrangements, most commercial law firms continue to rely on the billable hour. So as an associate, you’re required to track your time for every task you perform for a client, whether that’s conducting research, writing a memo, or something else.

Sounds simple, right?

Well, there are a number of caveats.

First, your number of billable hours is tied to your yearly bonus. While the threshold varies by firm, associates often need to bill at least 2000 hours per year to become eligible for their bonus. That averages out to about 167 hours per month.

While that may not seem that difficult, not every task you take on is a billable task. There are situations where you may be in the office for 10 hours but only bill seven (or even five) hours. Yet you can’t turn down that non-billable work—it simply has to be done as quickly and efficiently as possible.

Further, you don’t have complete control over your workload. If your office is slow, there will be fewer opportunities for you to pick up billable work. This is inherently stressful.

Finally, it just becomes a grind to keep tracking your time at work. While there is software to help you with this task, I haven’t found it to be that helpful. You just simply have to track your time and submit it daily (or nearly daily) so that partners can bill clients.

General Tips to Succeed in Law School

Succeed in Law School

As 1Ls proceed through their first semester, I thought it would be helpful to reiterate some general pieces of advice that I've previously offered to incoming 1Ls. While this isn't a comprehensive list, in retrospect, I wish I would have understood the importance of these tips as a young law student. 

Befriend 2Ls and 3Ls 

This is an underrated, but perhaps critical strategy to increase your odds of success in your 1L year. Beyond simply building personal friendships with your colleagues, 2Ls and 3Ls can provide invaluable advice about your courses, certain professors, and law school life in general. Importantly, they can also give you old outlines, which will save you time as you prepare for exams. While you’ll spend most of your time getting to know your fellow 1Ls, try to meet 2Ls and 3Ls. It may pay off in the long run.

Find some positive outlet outside of classwork

We all know how important 1L grades are. There’s this temptation to keep our heads in our books before and after class. Yet it’s absolutely critical to find some hobby or activity outside of law school—preferably something physical. Whether you play in a weekly basketball game, volunteer in your city, or do something else, you should get away from law school and do something fun. While you may think you need to stay tied to your books, stepping away will actually make it easier to concentrate when you get back to the grind.

Emphasize the fact pattern on exam questions

Going into exams, you and your classmates are going to be familiar with the most important cases and their associated rules. You may even have the same outline. While you’ll need to mention case law and associated rules on the exam, avoid the temptation to spend more time dropping doctrine and less time paying attention to the facts. What separates a high and low grade is how you play with the offered facts and how you use your case law to analyze arguments related to those facts. Don’t forget this.

Embrace treatises

There will probably come a time where you don’t know exactly what is going on in your one (or more) of your courses. To get back on track, I’d recommend buying or renting commercial treatises. For instance, I found Glannon’s Guide to Civil Procedure to be extremely helpful as I prepared for my civil procedure exam. These treatises may be expensive, but they are absolutely worth it if they can help you obtain a higher grade.

My Major Before Law School


I've lately written several posts discussing whether a college student's major matters when they are applying to law school. I ultimately believe that it's not as important as people believe it is, but in any event, I wanted to share how I think about my own college major at the University of Michigan.

Simply put, I was one of those stereotypical political science majors.

I had been interested in politics since high school and figured that I would eventually want to enter the political world. Law school had also been on my mind, but it wasn’t like I chose a political science major in order to maximize my chances of attending a great law school.

I wouldn’t necessarily say that political science helped prepare me for law school. Sure, you can learn some basics about the U.S. judicial system and the U.S. Constitution, but it’s not going to dramatically help you when you’re in your constitutional law class. I also took several law-specific undergrad courses (national security law being one). In retrospect, I didn’t know what I was doing and the law school-related benefits were marginal at best.

On the flip side, political science courses involve a healthy amount of reading, so you do get the benefit of learning to read long, dense material within a short timeframe. You also improve your writing skills, which is certainly helpful as a law student.

However, I would say that a political science degree wasn’t drastically helpful for law school. But that’s OK. For the purposes of law school, a single major isn’t going to give you a drastic advantage over your classmates. If you’re a college student and interested in law school, your north star is to own your courses (regardless of the major) and dominate the LSAT.

How Many Books Do You Read in Law School?


I recently saw a Quora question asking how many books that law students typically read. Depending on the number of classes you have, I would generally say about 4–5 per semester (approximately 8–10 per year).

Unlike in college, most of your courses will just have one large, heavy book that contains all of your cases. Some professors may assign additional reading and that reading is often online rather than in an additional book. Primarily, though, you’ll spend most of your time with your casebooks.

But beyond all of your casebooks, you may want to consult treatises, especially during your 1L year. These are books that further explain some of the material that you may find confusing. As for me, I found Glannon’s Guide to Civil Procedure to be especially helpful. Ultimately, treatises can be especially useful as you prepare for exams.

I’ve just spoken about books related to law school, but I also think it’s important to read content outside of your courses. Whether it is Game of Thrones, other novels, or even sports news, it’s critical to build up boundaries between your life and law school. The last thing you want is to experience burnout.

The Benefits of Law School if You Don't Want to Practice Law

Operating under pressure

I recently came across a Quora question asking about the benefits of obtaining a law degree if you don't plan on practicing law after law school. I think this is an interesting question that deserves some further exploration.

First, I would offer a caveat. Many attorneys would tell you not to go to law school without actually practicing law. I would generally agree (I’ve previously offered my reasoning here).

That said, there are a few benefits from a law degree that you can leverage outside the law. Again, it’s almost always the case that you shouldn’t go to law school solely to obtain these benefits. But I found these skills useful as I’ve transitioned from lawyer to entrepreneur.

“Thinking like a lawyer”

Obviously, this benefit is most suited if you plan on becoming a practicing lawyer. But I do think it can be valuable in other disciplines. For example, it can serve you well if you become a professional investor. As investor and lawyer Charlie Munger says, “Invert, always invert.” In order to buy/short a stock, you have to buy it from a seller/buyer. So you must ask yourself: what does my counterparty know that I don’t know? What am I missing? Should I be taking the opposite position? This practice may be easier for law school grads compared to others since you’re generally using the same framework when analyzing case law in your classes.

Operating under pressure

There’s no doubt that law students get better at thinking on their feet and working under stress. From being grilled by a professor in front of 80 of your colleagues to completing a two to three hour exam that solely determines your grade, it becomes easier to handle pressure. I’m not saying you’ll be bulletproof, but you will get better at thinking clearly when under stress.

Attention to detail

Law students and lawyers are paid to sweat the small stuff. It’s inevitable that your professors will ask you about discrete details in your reading. While you can try to BS your way through it, this isn’t an effective long-term strategy. It’s critical to slow down and really understand the details of your cases, as attention to detail will be critical when you are completing exams. That said, you do get better at this skill, and it is undoubtedly useful in nearly any discipline outside the law. The world is getting faster and faster, but if you’re able to focus on details, you’ll be able to separate yourself from competitors, no matter the industry.

Some Tips For Current 1Ls


It's late October and if you're a current 1L, you're most likely continuing to adjust to the rigors of law school. Everyone has his or her own style on how to succeed in law school. There isn't one way to do it. That said, I wanted to share some quick tips that helped me navigate 1L year.

Brief Cases, But Feel Free to Eventually Transition Away 

Yes, it’s important to brief cases when you’re just starting out. It helps prepare you for class, especially when professors are grilling you about the discrete facts of a case, the issue, and the holding. But I think you can stray away from briefing every single case as you become more comfortable reading cases. You’ll have to determine exactly when this is, but the ultimate point is that you’re not sabotaging yourself if you stop briefing cases.

Find Prior Outlines From 2Ls and 3Ls

I took a different path and tried to primarily craft my own outlines. While I thought it would be a good exercise when reviewing all of the material, it ended up taking too much time. Instead of doing all of the legwork yourself, see if you can find an outline that a 2L or 3L used for your course. Even better, try to find one used by a student that received an A in that course.

Maintain Balance

1L year is critical. I get it. But you simply can’t study all the time. In fact, it’ll probably do more damage in the long run (think burnout). There are several things you can do to avoid this. I’d highly recommend that you join a club, regularly exercise, hang out with friends, and perhaps even develop a meditation practice. Whatever you need to do, just ensure that you are getting away from the books. Ultimately, it’s better to study smarter, not harder.

What Law Students Experience After Graduation


Law school is undoubtedly difficult and many law students look forward to the day when they sit in a classroom for the last time. That said, it's only just the beginning of their legal careers. 

Those in law school may be wondering what goes through law school grads' minds as they advance from law student to lawyer.

I’d say the typical feeling is (1) elation upon finishing law school, (2) trepidation about the bar exam, and (3) a combination of stress and cautious optimism during your first job.

The Journey

At the end of 3L year, almost everyone is ready to leave law school and take on the world. It’s an awesome feeling when you walk across the stage at graduation.

But then the reality sets in that you actually need to pass the bar exam to become a practicing lawyer. The degree of difficulty varies based on the state, but there’s no doubt that it’s difficult and stressful for everyone. It’s just something you have to power through. While it’s expensive, I’d highly recommend that you take a bar review course. It’ll maximize your odds of success.

After the bar exam, a good number of law students take some sort of vacation before starting their first job. Again, this is a period of optimism and excitement as you gear up to enter the workforce.

That said, there’s somewhat of a rude awakening when you start your first job. Law school certainly gives you the intellectual foundations so that you can “think like a lawyer.” Actual lawyering is a different story. Starting out, you often have to give advice on a discrete legal issue in an area of law where you may have no familiarity, all within a short timeframe. This is difficult.

It’s often the case that your law school training hasn’t really prepared you for that situation, even, for instance, if you took a bankruptcy course and are working at a bankruptcy firm. There’s a steep learning curve for everyone. Senior attorneys get it. Nevertheless, you have to try hard and learn as quickly as possible so that you can become a larger contributor to your team.

Ultimately, legal practice can be stressful for young attorneys. You’re in an unfamiliar environment and your time isn’t necessarily yours. You just have to do the best you can at work while simultaneously taking care of yourself (eating right, working out, meditating, etc.). The job will get easier once you get more practical experience, so be mindful of this fact when you’re facing difficult moments.

Should You Major in Pre-Law or Journalism Before Law School?


I recently came across a question on Quora asking whether a college student planning on attending law school should major in pre-law or journalism.

Unfortunately, I wasn't able to get much information about the questioner's interests or dreams. Having said that, many college students thinking of law school may have a dream of becoming a badass prosecutor, human rights lawyer, or something else. I can totally empathize.

Still, I would greatly caution college students when they decide their major due to their ultimate desire to go to law school. I think that this stance is pretty risky. The risk comes from three areas:

  • The assumption that your desire to go to law school won’t change throughout college.
  • The assumption that you’ll be admitted to the right law school for you, that you’ll receive good grades, and that you’ll actually get your dream job.
  • The assumption that you’ll actually enjoy your dream job.

It’s impossible to mitigate all of these risks. That said, I think it’s important to get some work experience in the legal field if you’re even thinking about law school. I previously wrote an essay on this idea and you can find it here.

But back to the question. I hesitate to give personal advice since I don’t know much about you. Still, I generally think that if a college student feels passionate about any subject besides law, they should follow that passion. Doing that won’t inherently disqualify them from entering law school. However, a pre-law major may make it harder for you to find jobs in other fields if you end up foregoing law school. It’s just something to think about.

Ultimately, however, law school admissions officers care much more about your GPA and LSAT compared to your undergraduate major. Whatever you choose, just make sure to dominate your courses and nail the LSAT.

What Jobs In Finance Can You Obtain With A Law Degree?


I recently saw a Quora question that asked for examples of jobs that attorneys can find in the financial services industry.

There are some stereotypical examples. For example, private practice attorneys can become in-house attorneys working at a large bank (Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, etc.) and assisting the bank with any and all issues, like compliance or employment issues. Or these attorneys could work on compliance issues at a hedge fund or private equity firm. 

With these basic examples in mind, I do have some insights on the odds of finding these positions after graduating law school.

Unless they’ve graduated with a JD/MBA, I’ve found it difficult for law students to find jobs in finance immediately after graduation. The traditional law school pipeline involves grads working in private practice, government, or doing some other type of public interest work.

When speaking about “finance jobs,” I suppose we have to distinguish between legal and non-legal positions.

As for legal positions, it’s very difficult to immediately work in-house at any corporation, including financial institutions. Those positions often go to attorneys who have gained several years of experience in private practice—mostly at “Big Law” firms. There are exceptions, but you may need personal connections or some other “in” to start your legal career at a financial institution. This is difficult to find.

The world of non-legal positions in finance may also be difficult. I do recall that Goldman visited my law school and held information sessions on openings in its private wealth management program. Although it’s not strictly “finance,” McKinsey also visited to recruit potential consultants. These opportunities are few and they seem to be positively correlated with the “prestige” of your law school.

But if you’re hoping to use your law degree to trade or become a professional investor, you’re better off getting an MBA. Sure, there are attorneys that have transitioned into full-time investors—Paul Singer and Carson Block to name a few. But again, this is rare.

The Skills You Should Develop in Law School

Skills to develop in law school

As the legal field becomes more and more competitive, I think that it's especially critical for law students to take the time and begin working on skills that will serve them well in professional practice. Sure, you'll begin very familiar with researching case law and writing memos and briefs. But I'm specifically talking about some of those softer skills that will pay dividends down the road.

For me, there’s no question that law students should start developing client management skills. These skills aren’t really emphasized in law school but they are critical when you leave law school and enter the legal world.

As an example, there is an increasing emphasis in Big Law firms on commerciality. The idea is that attorneys should understand their client’s business and their objectives, all while communicating their ideas in a “non-legalese” way and completing their work in an efficient manner.

As young lawyers, it is so tempting to just drop doctrine into a memo or email to a client. It’s easy because you’re leveraging the skills that you primarily learn in law school—namely, doing deep dives into legal issues and wandering down rabbit holes once you start Shepardizing case law.

I get it. But you’ll quickly discover that clients mostly don’t care about the legal details.

They just want a solution to their problem.

It’s a simple idea, but if you can understand it in law school, you’ll be miles ahead of other recent law school grads who are starting their careers.

The best way to learn this skill in law school is through a clinic, preferably one where you have lots of client contact. You’ll also develop other critical skills (like how to manage client expectations) and will strengthen your emotional intelligence. By doing this, you’ll quickly discover that clients aren’t just names on a page. They are real people who are coming to you with real problems.

Finally, as an aside, I’d also recommend something a little more untraditional. I think law students should try developing their sales skills while in law school.

I don’t have a good answer on how to do this, as you’ll be busy enough with your courses. But I’ve discovered that many older attorneys wish they would have developed sales skills at a younger age. Yes, older attorneys will be handling business development tasks when you start your career. But as you get older, you’ll have to start selling yourself and the services that your firm offers. These skills don’t come naturally to many people, so the sooner you can work on these skills, the better.

How Much Pressure Will You Face In Law School?

Pressure in law school

As you're considering law school, you may come across horror stories about people who haven't been able to handle the trials and tribulations of law school. But you may be wondering how much stress that you'll encounter—should you choose to go.

I think there are varying degrees of pressure depending on your unique circumstances. That said, it’s fair to say that everyone experiences some pressure. I think the pressure comes from three distinct, but somewhat intertwining areas:

Pressure from exams

Law school is a tournament where there are a finite number of As, Bs and Cs. No matter how much you may like your classmates, you are competing against all of them. There's no way around this. As a result, this creates pressure as you approach exam time, especially since many of your classmates are putting in the same amount of time of preparation. Law school students are generally smart and hardworking, so you’ll need to find a way to separate yourself from the pack. This is stressful.

Pressure to find a job

Associated with my first point above, the primary point of attending law school is to find a job—whether it’s inside or outside the legal field. Your grades will play a large part in this task. But if you don’t obtain as high of grades as you’d like, you’re going to have to scramble to find a job before graduation. You’ll have to canvas your own network, attend networking events, or seek help from your career services office.

Considering that you are likely carrying law school debt (perhaps up to six figures), the stakes are high, especially since you’ll need to start paying off your loans shortly after graduating. Again, this is stressful.

If you’d like to read more about how I found my first post-law school job, you can find more here.

Pressure surrounding your life goals

I think most law students would be lying if they said they never thought about dropping out at some point during law school. There’s inherent pressure in thinking about whether you’re on the right path. Many law students (including me) didn’t have prior experience in the legal field, and they may be in for a rude awakening once they discover that they may not actually like law school or legal practice. You may have the temptation to do something else, which makes it even more difficult to succeed during the most challenging times of law school.

In sum, law school isn’t for the faint of heart. It’s critical to find a way to handle the pressure, whether it’s through exercise, meditation, or something else.

Leveraging the Law to Become a "Great" Investor


I recently came across a question on Quora on whether there are certain areas of law that will prepare law students to become "great" investors.

The bottom line is that there isn't one single formula to become a great investor, just as there isn't one to become a great lawyer. You can look at several prominent hedge fund managers (like Paul Singer) who were attorneys specializing in distressed debt. Toby Carlisle, a prominent quantitative value investor, was a former M&A lawyer at a Big Law firm. Or you could look at Carson Block, a former lawyer who uses his legal skills to short fraudulent companies. I think it's awesome that there truly isn't one formula to achieve success.

Still, I think there are some courses that law students can take to get a head start should they want to later transition into investing. I’m thinking of accounting, corporate finance, bankruptcy, and mergers & acquisitions. Also, I'd recommend that law students see if they can take any finance courses at their university’s business school.

From my research and experience, I’ve noticed that many attorneys who become “great” investors start with some event-driven strategy, where they can leverage their prior legal experience into an esoteric strategy which is less competitive than traditional growth or value investing. So I’d maybe consider studying bankruptcy or M&A.

But still, there isn’t one distinct formula for becoming a “great” investor. An event-driven strategy may not suit your temperament (or you may even find it boring). That’s completely fine. I still think, however, that an accounting or corporate finance course will be useful, no matter your investing style.

if you’re interested in value investing (as I am), I really think the best way to become a great investor is by reading books, speaking with others, and through experience. Get started with the two foundational Benjamin Graham books: Security Analysis and The Intelligent Investor. Read Warren Buffett’s annual letters from Berkshire Hathaway. Then I would think about moving on to books by Joel Greenblatt (The Little Book That Beats The Market and You Can Be A Stock Market Genius) and Bruce Greenwald (Value Investing: From Graham to Buffett and Beyond).

What Do Junior Lawyers Do?

Research and writing

I came across a Quora post asking what junior associates actually do. I was a litigation associate at a Big Law firm for almost three years before leaving to start my own startup. While the specifics vary based on the firm, I think my experience is fairly typical for many junior associates at Big Law firms.

As a junior associate, you are put on several different matters, the exact number depending on the busyness of your practice group. The goal is to be placed on matters where you can (1) consistently bill and (2) be responsible for substantive work under patient partners and senior associates. Much of this is out of your control, but this is the ideal scenario.

Research and Writing

I was primarily tasked with completing research for senior associates and partners. Whether it was finding a few cases on a discrete point of law or gathering many cases to develop a legal argument in a brief, I became intimately familiar with Lexis. In fact, you begin developing your research skills in law school and upon starting at your firm, you can leverage these skills to immediately contribute to your team.

I would often use my research to write memos—both to file and to clients.

It’s important to remember that if you’re writing to clients, don’t just dump doctrine into the memo. This same idea is applicable if you’re a transactional attorney offering advice on, say, an M&A transaction. Commerciality is a huge deal: you’re trying to offer advice to solve clients’ real-world problems, rather than engage in a theoretical legal exercise.

Besides memos, junior litigators often contribute to briefs. I would sometimes write the first drafts of briefs myself, but I would more often contribute to discrete sections of briefs. Here, your law school training is valuable—think CREAC—but you gain more experience by simply doing. The learning curve is likely steeper for drafting documents on the transactional side (as you don’t get this experience in law school). That said, I can’t speak from personal experience.

Other Tasks

In addition to these research and writing tasks, you’ll likely complete document review (or, if you’re a transactional attorney, due diligence). Having said that, more of these assignments are being farmed out to contract attorneys in order to cut costs for clients.

Surprisingly, a good amount of my time was spent answering emails or attending conference calls. Sending out a concise, comprehensive email can be pretty tricky, so you have to be patient and ensure that you are delivering complete and accurate advice before clicking send.

Finally, besides this work, you may have other responsibilities at your firm. Think committee roles or visiting law schools to recruit the next batch of first-year associates. There are other non-billable responsibilities like writing articles, but you should do everything you can to minimize these tasks and maximize your billable work.

While these are some of the general tasks, succeeding at them is another story. I published another essay on how to succeed as a first-year Big Law associate, which you can find here.

From One to Ten, How Difficult is Law School?


I recently came across a Quora question where someone was asking if we can rank the difficulty of law school on a scale of one to ten. It’s tough to assign an exact numerical value, so I’d argue that law school is generally difficult for everyone.

Sure, your 1L courses won’t be easy. But there will likely be one course that will give you even more trouble. For me, it was property, but for others, it may be civil procedure, constitutional law, or criminal law. You just have to get through these courses by any ethical means, whether that’s becoming attached to treatises, finding a comprehensive outline from a 2L or 3L, or something else.

But I’d argue that some of the more difficult parts of law school are (1) finding a job and (2) dealing with the stress.

I’ve previously discussed how I found my job when I was a rising 2L, but there are plenty of variables affecting each law student, including the prestige of their school, their 1L grades, and their own personal network. Finding a job is arguably your greatest challenge in law school. Just understand that if you struggle with your 1L grades, you may be searching for a job into your 3L year. It can become extremely stressful, especially with six figures of debt hanging over your head.

Along with this, it can also be extremely difficult dealing with the stress of law school. I probably don’t have to remind you, but studies have shown that addicted lawyers start as addicted law students. You have to take care of yourself and engage in healthy stress management activities, whether it’s a daily exercise routine, meditation, hanging with friends, or all of the above. It’s easy to forget about this, especially when you’re preparing for exams.

Ultimately, law school (and legal practice itself) is difficult, but the difficulties slightly vary depending on the person. It’s not an easy path and you have to take active measures to stay healthy—both mentally and physically—during all three years.

Should I Major in Political Science or Philosophy Before Law School?

Political science

Apologies for the long layoff—I was away for several weeks starting up my latest project, which is called Suspend The Rules. If you're interested, Suspend The Rules is a news organization where we are trying to transform the idea of talking points on the day's political, business, and cultural news. If you're interested, I recommend that you check it out!

In the meantime, however, rest assured that I will continue contributing to this blog and offering my insights on law school and legal practice.

Selecting Your Major Before Law School

About one week ago, I came across a Quora post with the questioner asking if he or she should major in political science or philosophy before law school. This question spoke to me because I majored in political science at Michigan before attending Penn Law.

Normally, I hesitate to give personal advice on a question like this, but I can speak about my experience and my general impressions of the question.

I didn’t study political science solely so that I would go to law school. Granted, law school was something that crossed my mind before college. But I ultimately studied political science because I was interested in the subject matter. I was the nerdy high school student who loved debating political news with my classmates.

While I perhaps should have changed my major for other reasons, I don’t think that there would have been a significant difference between studying political science and philosophy before I attended Penn.

Sure, taking a few logic courses may make you slightly more prepared for the LSAT. That said, the LSAT is a learnable test and I wouldn’t choose a philosophy major solely for that reason. As for political science, you’ll learn some simple things about the U.S. judicial system (perhaps even some case law), but again, I’d argue that the benefits are negligible if you’re solely studying political science to go to law school.

Instead, I think it’s important for any college student considering law school to follow their passion, whether it’s politics, philosophy, or something else. Interests change, especially for college students. It would be unfortunate if a college student regretted his or her major because their 18-year-old-self had this grand vision of going to law school. I’m not saying that this directly applies to you, but it’s something to keep in mind.

If you want to go to law school, your college major isn’t going to matter as much as your LSAT score and undergraduate GPA. Nail those and law schools will open their doors to you.

Any Regrets About My Law School Journey?


I recently saw a Quora question asking attorneys if they regretted anything in their journey. I thought it was an interesting question, and after some reflection, I would unequivocally say: no.

Going into law school, I knew that I wanted to work in Big Law, practice for a few years, and then step back and assess my updated career goals. I was a Big Law litigation associate for about two-and-a-half years before I left to start a media startup called Suspend The Rules.

I was fortunate to attend a solid school that offered many on-campus interview opportunities. While I ultimately found my Big Law gig through some creative tactics, Penn maximized the chances that I would find a job. It can be harder to enter Big Law at other lower-ranked schools, especially if you have poor 1L grades. You have a bit more leeway when searching for your first job if you attend a “prestigious” school. The prestige of your law school can also provide a solid credential if you’re trying to do something outside the legal field—as I currently am.

I also think that attending a law school near three major metropolitan areas helped me secure a Big Law job. Location is an underrated, yet crucial determinant when you are vetting law schools. Being in Philadelphia and relatively close to New York City and Washington D.C. was certainly helpful as I was searching for a job.

As for Big Law itself, I had a good experience. I worked with extremely bright attorneys on complicated matters. It’s not for everyone, and I think that you should be aware of the realities before choosing this path. Sure, the compensation is awesome, but you’ll be making sacrifices (like personal time and perhaps even friendships).

Ultimately, law school and legal practice taught me certain skills that I use beyond legal practice. I’m specifically thinking of attention to detail and managing client expectations. The more I practiced, the stronger I became.

That said, I’m not saying people should go to law school solely to learn these skills or to use a law degree has a “backup plan.” Everyone has their own reasons for going to law school and the financial angle plays a disproportionate impact on whether law school is “worth it.” You’ll have to evaluate whether the costs (including opportunity costs) outweigh the benefits you receive from a J.D. For me, the benefits outnumbered the costs.

Attend Law School or Pursue a Passion?

Open road

A recent Quora post was from a questioner who was questioning whether to attend a Top 14 law school or pursue their passion for music.

Ultimately, it sounds like the questioner is facing a common dilemma. The minds of many prospective law students may be screaming “law school” but their hearts may be screaming something else. It’s even harder for the questioner since they were admitted to a great law school.

It’s difficult to offer personalized advice. However, I would agree with this general maxim: if you’re hesitant about going to law school, you probably shouldn’t go to law school.

Many law students are able to graduate through brute force. But the path is often more difficult for those who aren’t totally enamored with the thought of practicing law.

I truly believe that the most successful performers in any field are those who are most passionate about their craft. Succeeding in your 1L classes, finding a job, handling your debt—all of these things may be tougher if you’re constantly thinking, “I should really be taking a risk and trying to become an opera singer.”

So I think the questioner would find some clarity if they think about why they want to attend law school. Personally, I’d hesitate if they're interested in law school mostly because (1) it is a good “backup plan” or (2) you’re attracted to the prestige of a Top 14 law school.

In the end, I would think twice if the questioner intends to use law school as a hedge in case their opera career doesn’t pan out.

Is It Necessary To Take An LSAT Prep Course?


A Quora questioner recently asked if an LSAT prep course is a requirement before taking the exam.

I wouldn’t say it’s a strict requirement. But for the vast majority of people, it’s wise to enroll in an LSAT prep course. If you’re serious about law school, the value proposition will likely eclipse the financial cost of attending.

Off the top of my head, here are some benefits of participating in an LSAT prep course:


You’ll learn strategies for tackling the hardest questions on the exam. Everyone has a weak section, whether that’s reading comprehension, logic games, or logical reasoning. The test company’s job is to arm you with tactics to become more comfortable with particular questions that stump you.

Organized Practice Tests

Most test prep companies offer at least one simulated LSAT. While it isn’t perfect, this is one of the better ways to replicate the actual exam.


By joining a course, you’ll have to keep up with your homework and the course’s study schedule. While you’ll naturally be motivated to study since the stakes are high, there’s something to be said about joining a group and feeling the subtle pressure to keep up with the pace of the program.


It’s definitely a secondary benefit, but it can be helpful to meet other people who are going through this experience. And who knows: you may discover a unique study strategy when speaking with someone in class.

Now there are some people that don’t need to join a course. The test is simply intuitive to them or they’re able to hack together study strategies from Top Law Schools or other forums. But still, I think that most prospective law students would add a few points to their score by enrolling in an LSAT prep course.

There’s also the question of which company to use. I used Testmasters back in the day and it was fine. However, I don’t necessarily recommend Testmasters or any other company. You’ll have to do your own research to find the best test prep company for you.

Is "Aggression" Necessary In Legal Practice?

Confident attorney

There seems to be this misconception that successful attorneys are brash, aggressive, loud individuals who will stop at nothing to represent their clients. And yes, there are some successful attorneys like this. But it's definitely not necessary.

In fact, I’d say that confidence matters more than aggressiveness. Essentially, be more like James Comey and less like Ari Gold.


There’s no way around it: confidence matters in the legal field.

It matters when you’re discussing a research project with a colleague in your firm. It matters when you’re trying to pitch your services to new clients. Hell, I’d argue it’s important when you’re simply socializing with colleagues or clients.

Law is a service business and the way that you carry yourself—even outside the office—is a subconscious tell on how you’ll handle problems presented to you by clients or your colleagues.

Confidence is especially crucial if you want to be a litigator. And it’s not only in the courtroom—although this is where it mostly comes to life. You’ll have to be on your game and confidently defend your client on conference calls with opposing counsel, during depositions, and yes, while arguing in front of a judge. Preparation is critical and you’ll need to be intimately familiar with your case law. And if you’re not truly feeling confident? Sometimes you need to fake it until you make it.

But as far as aggressiveness, you definitely don’t have to be the Ari Gold of the legal world to be successful. In fact, I’d argue that a calm, collected, and confident attorney is more effective than an aggressive attorney who, for example, strongarms opposing counsel or pushes ethical or legal boundaries on behalf of a client.

A Must Read Non-Fiction Book for Lawyers


I read my fair share of non-fiction books, most of them not directly related to the legal industry. If I had to recommend a book that would be insightful for lawyers and law students alike, I would suggest Influence by Robert Cialdini. While it’s a bit old, Cialdini provides a fascinating look at how humans are vulnerable to certain persuasion techniques.

He argues that in certain scenarios, humans behave in “mechanical, tape-activated ways.” This automatic behavior often occurs because it’s efficient. Simply put, we need shortcuts to get through the day, as we don’t have time to sit down and analyze every situation that we encounter.

The fact remains that these shortcuts can be exploited—for better or worse. And throughout the book, he touches on six “weapons of influence.” They are reciprocity, commitment and consistency, social proof, liking, authority, and scarcity. 

These six tools can be valuable in a wide range of scenarios. For instance, they’re valuable if you’re a lawyer trying to pitch your services to a new client or if you’re simply trying to convince your spouse to do something.

Influence should be a mainstay not only in the libraries of lawyers and law students, but individuals who are curious about the way that humans influence each other.